What are Nature-based Solutions?
Nature-based Solutions enhance and work with natural habitats to help people adapt to the effects of change and disasters. Key examples include the restoration of coastal ecosystems to protect communities from storm surges and erosion, agroforestry to stabilise crop yields in drier climates, and forest restoration to regulate water supplies and protect communities from flooding and landslides. Nature-based Solutions can provide the most cost-effective way of adapting to climate change whilst also protecting the ecosystems on which we depend.
What is the Nature-based Solutions Initiative?
We have established a new programme of research, policy advice and education aimed at increasing the implementation of Nature-based Solutions through the application of science. Current work focuses on collating scientific information on Nature-based Solutions for climate change adaptation and making this more accessible to decision makers. We also assess the role of Nature-based Solutions in climate change policy, with a focus on the adaptation plans of all signatories of the Paris Agreement. The goal is to facilitate the process by which climate pledges are revised and to scale up the role of Nature-based Solutions.
We consolidate and review scientific studies of the role nature in helping people adapt to the hazardous effects of climate change (e.g. climatic variability, sea level rise, extreme events). Our searchable bibliography brings together papers on the economic, social, and environmental effectiveness of Nature-based Solutions, but also includes studies of the carbon capture potential of natural systems, policy papers and articles highlighting research gaps and future applications of Nature-based Solutions. Please explore the evidence here.
We collate information on the extent of global commitment to Nature-based Solutions in climate change policy, with an initial focus on the pledges of all signatories to the UNFCCC Paris Agreement. We invite you to explore our data, both in a pan-global analysis and by individual country, to assess how nations are planning to adapt to climate change and to review and compare stated vulnerabilities, actions and targets. Our aim is to facilitate the global “stock take” of the Paris Agreement and the revision of climate pledges, with the long term goal of increasing ambition for science based targets for Nature-based Solutions. To visit and use our policy platform, click here.
To see our animation explaining the importance of nature in a warming world, click here.