Professor Tim Coulson: List of publications

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The Genomic Landscape of Divergence Across the Speciation Continuum in Island-Colonising Silvereyes (Zosterops lateralis).

Novel parasite invasion leads to rapid demographic compensation and recovery in an experimental population of guppies.

Investigating the Dynamics of Elk Population Size and Body Mass in a Seasonal Environment Using a Mechanistic Integral Projection Model.

Individual differences determine the strength of ecological interactions.

Life history strategy varies with the strength of competition in a food-limited ungulate population

Exploring movement decisions: Can Bayesian movement-state models explain crop consumption behaviour in elephants (Loxodonta africana)?

Skewed distributions of lifetime reproductive success: beyond mean and variance.

Testing the effect of quantitative genetic inheritance in structured models on projections of population dynamics

The multiple population genetic and demographic routes to islands of genomic divergence

Weak spatiotemporal response of prey to predation risk in a freely interacting system.

Eco-Evolutionary Feedbacks Predict the Time Course of Rapid Life-History Evolution.

Size and density mediate transitions between competition and facilitation.

Do African savanna elephants (Loxodonta africana) eat crops because they crave micronutrients?

The diversity of population responses to environmental change.

The effect of insularity on avian growth rates and implications for insular body size evolution.


Chilli-briquettes modify the temporal behaviour of elephants, but not their numbers

Mountain sheep management must use representative data: A reply to Festa-Bianchet (2019)

Elephant space-use is not a good predictor of crop-damage

Warming springs and habitat alteration interact to impact timing of breeding and population dynamics in a migratory bird.

Warming springs and habitat alteration interact to impact timing of breeding and population dynamics in a migratory bird

New innovations for 2018 and beyond.

Causes and consequences of variation in offspring body mass: meta-analyses in birds and mammals.

Response to Comment on "Precipitation drives global variation in natural selection".

Predicting the evolutionary consequences of trophy hunting on a quantitative trait

Regulated hunting re-shapes the life history of brown bears.

Unsuccessful dispersal affects life history characteristics of natal populations: The role of dispersal related variation in vital rates.

Regulated hunting causes life history makeover in bears

Incubation behavior adjustments, driven by ambient temperature variation, improve synchrony between hatch dates and caterpillar peak in a wild bird population.

Predicting coexistence in species with continuous ontogenetic niche shifts and competitive asymmetry.

Modeling Adaptive and Nonadaptive Responses of Populations to Environmental Change.

Revealing kleptoparasitic and predatory tendencies in an African mammal community using camera traps: a comparison of spatiotemporal approaches

Precipitation drives global variation in natural selection

Trait-demography relationships underlying small mammal population fluctuations.

Determining baselines for human-elephant conflict: A matter of time.

The influence of climatic variation and density on the survival of an insular passerine Zosterops lateralis.

Evidence of reduced individual heterogeneity in adult survival of long-lived species.

Finding pathways to human-elephant coexistence: A risky business

Modeling the impact of selective harvesting on red deer antlers

Demographic routes to variability and regulation in bird populations.

Des différences, pourquoi? Transmission, maintenance and effects of phenotypic variance.

Linking demographic responses and life history tactics from longitudinal data in mammals

The effects of asymmetric competition on the life history of Trinidadian guppies.

Information use and resource competition: an integrative framework.

Behavioural switching in a central place forager: Patterns of diving behaviour in the macaroni penguin (Eudyptes chrysolophus)


Inheritance: From Quantitative Genetics to Evolutionary Stable Strategies

Life History, What is?

The indirect effects of habitat disturbance on the bird communities in a tropical African forest

Sex-specific demography and generalization of the Trivers-Willard theory.

Quantifying the influence of measured and unmeasured individual differences on demography.

Using simulations of past and present elephant (Loxodonta africana) population numbers in the Okavango Delta Panhandle, Botswana to improve future population estimates

Applying a random encounter model to estimate lion density from camera traps in Serengeti National Park, Tanzania.

The influence of birth date via body mass on individual fitness in a long-lived mammal

Analysis of phenotypic change in relation to climatic drivers in a population of Soay sheep Ovis aries

Analysis on Population Level Reveals Trappability of Wild Rodents Is Determined by Previous Trap Occupant.

Applying a random encounter model to estimate lion density from camera traps in Serengeti National Park, Tanzania

Life History Consequences of the Facultative Expression of a Dispersal Life Stage in the Phoretic Bulb Mite (Rhizoglyphus robini).

Quantifying the influence of measured and unmeasured individual differences on demography

Random versus Game Trail-Based Camera Trap Placement Strategy for Monitoring Terrestrial Mammal Communities.

The effect of life history on retroviral genome invasions.

The effects of road networks and habitat heterogeneity on the species richness of birds in Natura 2000 sites in Cyprus

Reply to Hedrick et al.: Trophy hunting influences the distribution of trait values through demographic impacts.

Density-dependent intraspecific aggression regulates survival in northern Yellowstone wolves (Canis lupus).

Influence of life-history tactics on transient dynamics: a comparative analysis across mammalian populations.

Linking body mass and group dynamics in an obligate cooperative breeder.

The effects of road networks and habitat heterogeneity on the species richness of birds in Natura 2000 sites in Cyprus

Demography, not inheritance, drives phenotypic change in hunted bighorn sheep.

PP22 How do individual health trajectories drive population change? A mathematical decomposition of cohort ageing

Non-native species: UK bill could prompt biodiversity loss.

Population biology: fur seals signal their own decline.

Correlative Changes in Life-History Variables in Response to Environmental Change in a Model Organism

Correlative changes in life-history variables in response to environmental change in a model organism.

Generation time, net reproductive rate, and growth in stage-age-structured populations.

Mismatch between birth date and vegetation phenology slows the demography of roe deer.

Exploring the effects of spatial autocorrelation when identifying key drivers of wildlife crop-raiding.

Long-lived and heavier females give birth earlier in roe deer

Long-lived and heavier females give birth earlier in roe deer

Do eco-evo feedbacks help us understand nature? Answers from studies of the Trinidadian guppy

From physiology to space use: Energy reserves and androgenization explain home-range size variation in a woodland rodent

From physiology to space use: energy reserves and androgenization explain home-range size variation in a woodland rodent.

Hunting affects dry season habitat selection by several bovid species in northern Benin

Linking body mass and group dynamics in an obligate cooperative breeder

The times they are a-changin': Evolution and revolution in animal ecology publishing

How life history influences population dynamics in fluctuating environments

Exploring the effects of immunity and life history on the dynamics of an endogenous retrovirus

Exploring the effects of immunity and life history on the dynamics of an endogenous retrovirus.

Local density and group size interacts with age and sex to determine direction and rate of social dispersal in a polygynous mammal.

Population size and structure of the Nile crocodile Crocodylus niloticus in the lower Zambezi valley

The influence of nonrandom mating on population growth.

Will central Wyoming elk stop migrating to Yellowstone, and should we care?

Social structure mediates environmental effects on group size in an obligate cooperative breeder, Suricata suricatta.

Towards a general, population-level understanding of eco-evolutionary change

Towards a general, population-level understanding of eco-evolutionary change.

Parturition date for a given female is highly repeatable within five roe deer populations.

Identification of 100 fundamental ecological questions

Larval density dependence in Anopheles gambiae s.s., the major African vector of malaria.

Long-lived and heavier females give birth earlier in roe deer

Perspectives on International Trends and Dynamics in Population and Consumption

Perspectives on International Trends and Dynamics in Population and Consumption

Positive effects of an invasive shrub on aggregation and abundance of a native small rodent

Publishing the best original research in animal ecology: looking forward from 2013.

Re-evaluating the effect of harvesting regimes on Nile crocodiles using an integral projection model.

The Influence of Nonrandom Mating on Population Growth

A new metric to calculate the opportunity for selection on quantitative characters

Linking the population growth rate and the age-at-death distribution.

Structured population models: introduction.

Exploring foraging decisions in a social primate using discrete-choice models.

Trading stages: life expectancies in structured populations.

Integral projections models, their construction and use in posing hypotheses in ecology

Tests of density dependence using indices of relative abundance in a deer population

Population resilience of the Mediterranean monk seal Monachus monachus at Cabo Blanco peninsula

Does supplemental feeding affect the viability of translocated populations? The example of the hihi

Consequences of human land use for an afro-alpine ecological community in Ethiopia

A comparative analysis of the factors promoting deer invasion

Density dependence in group dynamics of a highly social mongoose, Suricata suricatta.

Population responses to perturbations: the importance of trait-based analysis illustrated through a microcosm experiment.

Decomposing variation in population growth into contributions from environment and phenotypes in an age-structured population.

Living with predators: A focus on the issues of humancrocodile conflict within the lower Zambezi valley

Modeling effects of environmental change on wolf population dynamics, trait evolution, and life history.

Patterns of body mass senescence and selective disappearance differ among three species of free-living ungulates.

Predation, individual variability and vertebrate population dynamics.

Predicting trait values and measuring selection in complex life histories: reproductive allocation decisions in Soay sheep.

What do simple models reveal about the population dynamics of a cooperatively breeding species?

Individual differences in reproductive costs examined using multi-state methods.

Population regulation by enemies of the grass Brachypodium sylvaticum: demography in native and invaded ranges.

The stochastic demography of two coexisting male morphs.

The population growth consequences of variation in individual heterozygosity.

A new way to integrate selection when both demography and selection gradients vary over time

Influence of density and climate on population dynamics of a large herbivore under harsh environmental conditions

Using evolutionary demography to link life history theory, quantitative genetics and population ecology.

Coupled dynamics of body mass and population growth in response to environmental change.

Reproductive improvement and senescence in a long-lived bird.

Time series analysis of biologging data: autocorrelation reveals periodicity of diving behaviour in macaroni penguins

Demographic Processes: Lessons from Long-Term, Individual-Based Studies

How sensitive are elasticities of long-run stochastic growth to how environmental variability is modelled?

Unifying ecological and evolutionary dynamics through experimental stochastic demography

Testing and Improving the Accuracy of Discriminant Function Tests: A Comparison between Morphometric and Molecular Sexing in Macaroni Penguins

Estimating stochastic elasticities directly from longitudinal data.

The dynamics of phenotypic change and the shrinking sheep of St. Kilda.

Heterozygosity-fitness correlations and associative overdominance: new detection method and proof of principle in the Iberian wild boar.

Are local weather, NDVI and NAO consistent determinants of red deer weight across three contrasting European countries?

From stochastic environments to life histories and back.

Estimating population size and hidden demographic parameters with state-space modeling.

Chapter 5 Empirical Evidence of Density-Dependence in Populations of Large Herbivores

Exploring individual quality in a wild population of red deer.

Heterozygosity-fitness correlations revealed by neutral and candidate gene markers in roe deer from a long-term study.

Reconstructing the observation process to correct for changing detection probability of a critically endangered species

Empirical Evidence of Density-Dependence in Populations of Large Herbivores

The impact of nile crocodiles on rural livelihoods in northeastern Namibia

Analyzing complex capture-recapture data in the presence of individual and temporal covariates and model uncertainty.

Cross-generational effects of habitat and density on life history in red deer.

Population biology: Case of the absent lemmings.

The dynamics of a quantitative trait in an age-structured population living in a variable environment.

'A review of extinction in experimental populations' by Blaine Griffen and John Drake.

Estimating the size and dynamics of an injecting drug user population and implications for health service coverage: comparison of indirect prevalence estimation methods.

Individual differences, density dependence and offspring birth traits in a population of red deer.

Habitat dependence and correlations between elasticities of long-term growth rates.

The demographic consequences of the cost of reproduction in ungulates.

Senescence rates are determined by ranking on the fast-slow life-history continuum

Estimating the functional form for the density dependence from life history data.

Measuring senescence in wild animal populations: Towards a longitudinal approach

A web resource for the UK's long-term individual-based time-series (LITS) data

A latitudinal gradient in climate effects on seabird demography: Results from interspecific analyses

Longevity can buffer plant and animal populations against changing climatic variability.


Age-related shapes of the cost of reproduction in vertebrates.

Population ecology: Group living and hungry lions

Correlations between age, phenotype, and individual contribution to population growth in common terns.

Evolutionary responses to harvesting in ungulates.

Sexually antagonistic genetic variation for fitness in red deer

Wolf reintroduction to Scotland: Public attitudes and consequences for red deer management

The evolutionary demography of ecological change: linking trait variation and population growth.

Cumulative reproduction and survival costs in female red deer

Effects of sampling regime on the mean and variance of home range size estimates.

Putting evolutionary biology back in the ecological theatre: A demographic framework mapping genes to communities

The contributions of age and sex to variation in common tern population growth rate.

An integrated approach to identify spatiotemporal and individual-level determinants of animal home range size.

Estimating density dependence from time series of population age structure

Lifetime reproductive success and density-dependent, multi-variable resource selection

Stochastic predation events and population persistence in bighorn sheep

Complex population dynamics and complex causation: Devils, details and demography

Estimating individual contributions to population growth: Evolutionary fitness in ecological time

Estimating individual contributions to population growth: evolutionary fitness in ecological time.

Demography in an increasingly variable world.

Factors influencing soay sheep survival: A Bayesian analysis

Population regulation and demography in a harvested freshwater crayfish from Madagascar

Adaptive adjustment of offspring sex ratio and maternal reproductive effort in an iteroparous mammal

Rapidly declining fine-scale spatial genetic structure in female red deer

Different hunting strategies select for different weights in red deer

Decomposing the variation in population growth into contributions from multiple demographic rates

Behaviour and ecology of the Ethiopian wolf (Canis simensis) in a human-dominated landscape outside protected areas

Predictors of reproductive cost in female Soay sheep

Modelling non-additive and nonlinear signals from climatic noise in ecological time series: Soay sheep as an example

Does heterozygosity estimate inbreeding in real populations?

Sex differences and data quality as determinants of income from hunting red deer Cervus elaphus

Patterns of parental relatedness and pup survival in the grey seal (Halichoerus grypus)

Skeletons, noise and population growth: the end of an old debate?

Why large-scale climate indices seem to predict ecological processes better than local weather.

Red deer stocks in the Highlands of Scotland.

Erratum: The demographic consequences of releasing a population of red deer from culling (Ecology 85: 2 411-422))

Sexual dimorphism, survival and dispersal in red deer

The demographic consequences of releasing a population of red deer from culling

Conditional methodology for individual case history data

Estimating selection on neonatal traits in red deer using elasticity path analysis.

Decline of the Madagascar radiated tortoise Geochelone radiata due to overexploitation

Conservation: Reproductive collapse in saiga antelope harems.

Reproductive collapse in saiga antelope harems

Sex-ratio variation in Soay sheep

The role of males in the dynamics of ungulate populations

Comparative ungulate dynamics: the devil is in the detail.

The use of photographic rates to estimate densities of cryptic mammals: Response to Jennelle et al

Why conservationists should heed Pokemon

Ecology. Seeking new recruits.

Sex differences in emigration and mortality affect optimal management of deer populations.

The influence of parental relatedness on reproductive success.

Age, sex, density, winter weather, and population crashes in Soay sheep.

Competing harvesting strategies in a simulated population under uncertainty

The use and abuse of population viability analysis.

The use of photographic rates to estimate densities of tigers and other cryptic mammals

Temporal changes in key factors and key age groups influencing the population dynamics of female red deer

The relative roles of density and climatic variation on population dynamics and fecundity rates in three contrasting ungulate species

Ecology - Nonlinearity and the Moran effect

Sex determination in malaria parasites

Factors influencing Soay sheep survival

On harvesting a structured ungulate population

Microsatellite loci reveal sex-dependent responses to inbreeding and outbreeding in red deer calves


Onchocerciasis modulates the immune response to mycobacterial antigens.

Small-scale spatial dynamics in a fluctuating ungulate population

Noise and determinism in synchronized sheep dynamics

Genotype by environment interactions in winter survival in red deer

Microsatellites reveal heterosis in red deer

Population substructure, local density, and calf winter survival in red deer (Cervus elaphus)

The maintenance of genetic polymorphism in small island populations: Large mammals in the Hebrides

Environmental change, if unaccounted, prevents detection of cryptic evolution in a wild population.

Phenological asynchrony: a ticking time- bomb for seemingly stable populations?

Skewed distributions of LRS: beyond mean and variance