Dr Beth Mortimer

Research Interests

My research investigates how animals are able to use vibrations through materials and along surfaces for information. Studying this form of information transfer requires an understanding of the generation, propagation and detection of vibrations. Please see recent review published in Animal Behaviour for more information.

Current projects include investigating how spider webs influence vibration propagation, and how spiders can use this information to determine the location of vibration sources. I also investigate elephants in the field in Kenya, looking at the role that the terrain plays in the propagation distance of elephant generated vibrations. Furthermore, I invesitgate vibration sensing in the model species of nematode worm, C. elegans and vibration generation mechanisms in hemipteran bugs.

My current fellowship focusses on vibration sensing in true bugs (Heteroptera) that detect vibrations on very different substrates - the water surface, plant tissue and silk. Each substrate represents different challenges for filtering useful biological information from unwanted background noise. I use experimental approaches, including laser vibrometery, time -resolved synchtrotron X-ray microtomography, and high-speed photography to investigate physical filtering mechanisms.


For recent public outreach related to my work, please see the links below.

May 2018. Work on elephant seismic vibrations featured in Daily Mail, Pacific Standard, USA Today, New York Times (including The Week in Good News), The Times, BBC World Service, BBC Radio 4's Inside Science, CBC's Quirks and Quarks, Science Friday, Mongabay.com

May 2018. Oxford University Museum of Natural History Late night: Illuminating movement.

April 2018. The naked scientists: science podcasts and science radio shows. Senses Month: Tackling touch

Selected Publications

Mortimer, B., Rees, W. L., Koelemeijer, P., Nissen-Meyer, T. Classifying elephant behaviour through seismic vibrations. Current Biology, 2018, 28(9), R547-548.

Mortimer, B., Soler, A., Siviour, C. R., Vollrath, F. Remote monitoring of vibrational information in spider webs. The Science of Nature, 2018, 105, 37 doi:10.1007/s00114-018-1561-1

Mortimer, B. Biotremology: Do physical constraints limit the propagation of vibrational information? Animal Behaviour, 2017, 130, pp. 165-174.

Davranoglou L.-R., Banar, P., Mortimer, B., Taylor, G. K. The pregenital abdomen of Enicocephalomorpha and morphological evidence for different modes of communication at the dawn of Heteropteran evolution. Arthropod Structure & Development, 2017, 46, pp. 843-868.

Mortimer, B., Soler, A., Siviour, C. R., Zaera, R., Vollrath F. Tuning the instrument: sonic properties in the spider’s web. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 2016, 13, 20160341.

Mortimer, B., Holland, C., Windmill, J. F. C., Vollrath, F. Unpicking the signal thread of the sector web spider Zygiella x-notata. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 2015, 12, 20150633

Mortimer, B., Gordon, S., Siviour, C. R., Holland, C., Vollrath, F., Windmill, J. F. C. The speed of sound in silk: linking material performance to biological function. Advanced Materials, 2014, 26, pp. 5179-5183.

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