Professor Mark Boyce
Professor of Ecology, University of Alberta
The reintroduction of wolves in Yellowstone National Park has been the most-celebrated ecological experiment in history. In 1988, prior to the reintroduction, I was invited to develop a predator-prey simulation anticipating the ecological consequences of wolf recovery. Then following wolf reintroduction in 1995 my students and I documented wolves and elk for 10 years, and now I have validated the model for > 20 yrs of recovery. Features of the structured population model include multi-species functional response reflecting learning by wolves, and territorial density dependence for wolves. Simulations that include stochastic winter severity yield results that bracket observed spatial and temporal dynamics. Wolf recovery has precipitated trophic cascades in riparian vegetation, at first behavioural and then numerical as predation risk has influenced elk distribution and numbers. Yet, outoutside Yellowstone trophic cascades are overwhelmed by human influences of hunting and livestock.
This lecture will take place in the Oxford University History of Natural History.
There will be free nibbles and discussion between early career researchers and the speaker at Oxford University Club, 11 Mansfield Road, Oxford OX1 3SZ from 14:30.